THE G7 (Group of Seven) countries have ‘firmly’ condemned the heavy-handed crackdown, including the use of live ammunition, committed by Myanmar’s junta against the anti-coup protesters.
Seeing the working class fight back with a general strike, the foreign ministers of the G7 countries, comprising Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Britain, and the United States as well as the European Union’s high representative for foreign policy, on Tuesday urged the Myanmar security forces to ‘exercise utmost restraint and respect human rights and international law.’
Protesters gathered in cities and towns across Myanmar on Monday as they answered the call for a general strike.
The industrial action brought large parts of the country to a standstill even as the military junta warned that confrontation could cost lives.
‘Use of live ammunition against unarmed people is unacceptable. Anyone responding to peaceful protests with violence must be held to account,’ G7 foreign ministers said in a statement.
‘We condemn the intimidation and oppression of those opposing the coup. We raise our concern at the crackdown on freedom of expression, including through the internet blackout and draconian changes to the law that repress free speech,’ the statement added.
The G7 also urged a halt to the ‘systematic targeting’ of demonstrators, doctors, civil society activists, and journalists and called on the military regime to revoke its declared state of emergency.
Four demonstrators have been killed in the mass protests that have rocked the country since the February 1 coup.
‘We remain united in condemning the coup in Myanmar. We call again for the immediate and unconditional release of those detained arbitrarily, including State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi and President Win Myint and continue to stand with the people of Myanmar in their quest for democracy and freedom,’ the G7 foreign ministers said.
Meanwhile, the Malaysian authorities on Tuesday deported 1,086 Myanmarese detainees on three Myanmarese navy ships from a military base on Malaysia’s west coast.
‘The immigration department wants to emphasise that no Rohingya migrants or asylum seekers have been sent back,’ Malaysian immigration chief Khairul Dzaimee Daud said in a statement.
‘All of those who have been deported agreed to return of their own free will, without being forced.’
The deportations came despite a ruling issued earlier on Tuesday by the Kuala Lumpur High Court that ordered the halt of the repatriations after rights groups petitioned to say deportation could endanger their lives.
In a statement last Thursday, Amnesty International Malaysia said it ‘is aghast at the Malaysian government’s planned efforts with the Myanmar military to deport 1,200 people back to Myanmar on 23 February 2021’.
Mass deportation exercises carried out with little transparency contravenes Malaysia’s obligations to respect and protect the rights of migrants and refugees, and risks endangering their lives.
The widespread crackdown on dissidents following the military coup in Myanmar on 1 February puts those due to be deported at further risk of human rights violations.
‘The Malaysian Immigration authorities claim their “repatriation programme” does not involve refugees or asylum seekers, but how have they determined this if the UN has been prevented from accessing people in immigration detention for over one and a half years?,’ asked Katrina Jorene Maliamauv, Executive Director of Amnesty International Malaysia.
‘The Malaysian government is recklessly imperilling the lives of over 1,000 Myanmar people by deporting them under a curtain of secrecy to a country in the middle of a coup marred by human rights violations.’
The Malaysian government has not permitted the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) to access immigration detention centres since August 2019.
The international body has not been able to visit detention centres to identify asylum seekers and refugees, and facilitate their release, leaving them to languish in captivity.
The arbitrary and indefinite detention of migrants, asylum seekers and refugees is in violation of international human rights law.
‘The Malaysian government must ensure there is a guarantee of safety for returnees,’ said Katrina.
‘UNHCR must immediately have full access to the 1,200 people.
‘Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin must instruct the immigration department to work closely with UNHCR to ensure not a single person seeking asylum, refugee or anyone who may be at risk of human rights violations is forced to return to Myanmar.
‘To do so would be in violation of the principle of non-refoulement, which applies to Malaysia as part of customary international law.’
The planned deportation once again puts Malaysia’s immigration and refugee policies in the spotlight. The Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (Suhakam) reported in 2018 that conditions in immigration detention centres continue to be cramped, unsanitary, poorly maintained, and lacking in basic facilities such as clean water and food. There have also been first-hand and witness accounts of physical abuse against detainees.
In August 2020, the government acknowledged that 23 detainees, including two children, died in immigration detention centres the first half of that year. In October, the government revealed that 756 children were being held in these facilities, in violation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which bars the detention of children for immigration offences.
‘Given horrific conditions in detention, it is not surprising that some people may feel their only option is to return to Myanmar, even if they face risks there,’ said Katrina.
‘But the options for people and their families cannot be between indefinite detention or putting their lives at risk by returning to a possibly dangerous situation. Using indirect means to push people back to face the grave human rights violations they escaped by crossing a border to seek safety is essentially “constructive” refoulement.’
Throughout 2020, immigration officials and police have conducted raids against people in migrant communities in Malaysia that have violated their rights and undermined Covid-19 preventative measures.
In addition to this, according to UNHCR, as of early December 2020, 457 persons registered with the organisation were detained in immigration detention, including 62 unaccompanied and separated children.
The numbers of individuals unregistered but who may have an asylum claim are currently unknown to UNHCR as they’ve been denied access to detention centres since August 2019.
‘The situation of those in immigration detention in Malaysia is horrendous. Beyond granting UNHCR access to those due to be deported, the government must also allow it full access to all those currently in detention facilities.
‘The detention of people solely for immigration control is unjustifiable.
‘We call for the immediate release of refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants detained for this reason.
‘Refugees and asylum-seekers must be afforded additional protections, including full recognition of their right to seek international protection,’ said Katrina.
The Malaysian government confirmed plans reported in the media to deport 1,200 people of Myanmar origin on navy ships provided by the country’s military on 23 February.
On February 15, the director-general of the Immigration Department, Khairul Dzaimee Daud said the deportation will involve individuals who violated the Immigration Act 1959/63 and Immigration Regulations 1963, including offences such as not carrying identity documents, overstaying and misuse of visit passes. In a 17 February report in Nikkei Asia, the Immigration Department reiterated its plans to proceed with the deportation.
The report also cited an unnamed source in the department who acknowledged that, ‘it would be difficult to distinguish undocumented immigrants from refugees who have lost their UNHCR cards.’